A number of new studies are depicting reality as strictly connected with consciousness. But the latter seems to have a “mysterious” nature which is challenging scientists and philosophers. One of the most interesting hypothesis has been proposed by the British theoretical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science Sir Roger Penrose in 1990’s. According to his idea consciousness arises from the properties of quantum entanglement (a physical phenomenon that occurs when pairs or groups of particles interact instantaneously, in other words independently from space and time, even when they are separated by a large distance). With the anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff he authored the Orchestrated Objective Reduction (Orch-OR) hypothesis, which asserts, among other things, that consciousness originates from quantum vibrations inside cellular microtubules (component of the cellular cytoskeleton). In a recent theoretical paper made by three physicists, Amrit Sorli, Davide Fiscaletti and Magi Mageshwaran, it has been proposed a new interpretive model of reality called Advanced Relativity (AR). It integrates matter and consciousness by applying Hilbert spaces. Their idea is that consciousness Consciousness “may exist not in, but beyond, the experienced dimension, in the deep dimension of the cosmos.” According to their hypothesis “Consciousness does not move in space; consciousness is the fundamental vibration of space.” And moreover “When the vibration of consciousness becomes lower it transforms into the light. Consciousness acts via bio-photons on the microtubules of the brain.” So, as with Orch-OR hypothesis, consciousness operates at a quantum level through the microtubules of the brain.
Although it may sound quite odd, in the last years an old but odder paradigm is getting even more popular among the scholars. It is the idea of panpsychism, the belief that mind is not just a property of the living systems, but of all physical systems in the universe. A new study by physicist Gregory Matloff, has recalled the idea of panpsychism. As a consequence of his findings it seems that the universe is in some sense conscious and that a portion of stellar motion is volitional. In other words Matloff suggests that there is actually evidence that stars control their own galactic paths. He says “One way that a minded star could alter its galactic trajectory is by the emission of a uni-directional jet. Such jets have been observed in young stars. Future work will hopefully show how uni-directional jets correlate with star temperature and distance from the galactic center. It is therefore not impossible that panpsychism can emerge from philosophy to become a subdivision of observational astrophysics.”
Even if a lot of theoretical proposals about the nature of consciousness have been published on books and journals in the last years it still remains a mystery. One of the most effective description of it is the one from the Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger who said “consciousness is that by which this world first becomes manifest, by which indeed, we can quite calmly say, it first becomes present; that the world consists of elements of consciousness.”
 Sorli et al., Advanced relativity: unification of space, matter and consciousness, NeuroQuantology, December 2016, Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 645-656.
 Matloff G. L., Can Panpsychism Become an Observational Science?, Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, August 2016, Volume 7, Issue 7, pp. 524-543.
 Schrödinger E., My view of the world, Cambridge, Cambridge university Press, 1964, p. 40.